Australia its facts and general information

Australia, its history and location.

Australia, formally referred to as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign nation that is one of the territory of Oceania. It’s the main continental mass that occupies the Sahul platform and is between the Antartic Indian And Pacific Glaciers Oceans; it is separated from Asia through the oceans of Arafura and Timor. It is bordered by the nations East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the north, Vanuatu, the French depedency of New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands the northeast, and also New Zealand to the southeast.

How does the history of Australia start?

The history of Australia ( * dates back to the time men arrived on its land for the first time. Australian aborigines arrived by vessel through the southeast of the Eurasian place roughly 60,000 years ago, nevertheless, the date is in debate given that Australian prehistory is considered to be some years more intensive since there are no writings of human being events prior to contact with Europeans. And, likewise, about 1,000,000 aborigines currently lived in the area when they colonized it.
It is stated that Australia had been discovered in the 16th century by Portuguese And Soanish Sailors, but they held the information secret for strategic factors. Then, Dutch explorers made the first sighting a century later. However, they considered it an uninhabitable area that was not suitable for colonization and also left free passage to later British explorations.

Captain James Cook.

Even though there was other European expeditions in past times, what exactly is considered as the most complete discovery of Australia was carried out in the 18th century by the English captain James Cook, who landed in 1770, acquired the territory for the English crown and also got ownership of the Southeast of the island in the identity of the king of England.
Cook’s breakthroughs and the acceptance of his reports by English government, granted the very first European settlement around the continent, therefore it is common to listen to that Cook is the discoverer of the the southern area of land, even though the real breakthrough discovery took place more than A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years just before his journey.

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British colonization.

England was particularly interested in Australia since they found it as a possible solution to the issue of overpopulation they suffered during that time because of the loss of the THIRTEEN American colonies and it also was thought to transfer a portion of its inhabitants there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, eleven First Navy ships left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia . By doing so, colonists came and also filled the area while displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and also diseases.

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It became a Federation.

As soon as the twentieth century arrived, Australia didn’t exist as a nation: it consisted of a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. But in 1901, the 6 various state governments arranged in a referendum to turn into a federation and they also selected the typical flag that nowadays is still the flag of Australia.
After the development of Australia as a nation, it had been meant to inflict a regulation on immigration control. Nevertheless, when World War II completed, numerous migrants from different places found its way to the country and, presently, it is the house of people from various areas of the earth.

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